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КАРДІОЛОГИ, СІМЕЙНІ ЛІКАРІ, РЕВМАТОЛОГИ, НЕВРОЛОГИ, ЕНДОКРИНОЛОГИ

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ЕНДОКРИНОЛОГИ, СІМЕЙНІ ЛІКАРІ, ПЕДІАТРИ, КАРДІОЛОГИ ТА ІНШІ СПЕЦІАЛІСТИ

ПЕДІАТРИ ТА СІМЕЙНІ ЛІКАРІ

АНЕСТЕЗІОЛОГИ, ХІРУРГИ

"Gastroenterology" Том 56, №1, 2022

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The role of the intestinal permeability in the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in obese children

Authors: Yu.M. Stepanov, N.Yu. Zavhorodnia, N.O. Zhyhyr
SI ”Institute Gastroenterology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine“, Dnipro, Ukraine

Categories: Gastroenterology

Sections: Clinical researches

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Summary

Численні дослідження останніх років підтвердили підвищення кишкової проникності при розвитку неалкогольної жирової хвороби печінки (НАЖХП) і прогресуванні до неалкогольного стеатогепатиту (НАСГ) і фіброзу печінки. У статті розглянуто поширеність, перебіг та діагностичні критерії педіатричної НАЖХП. Продемонстровано роль підвищеної проникності кишечника в патогенезі НАЖХП. Приділено увагу структурі кишкового бар’єра та можливим методам дослідження його проникності. Проведено огляд сучасних досліджень проникності кишечника при НАЖХП у дорослих і дітей, що підтверджують її ключову роль у прогресуванні НАЖХП. Пошук літератури був проведений в електронних базах даних Scopus, MedLine, EMBASE, Pubmed, Google Scholar тощо.

Many studies in recent years have revealed increased intestinal permeability in the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) development and progression to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and liver fibrosis. The prevalence, course, and diagnostic criteria of pediatric NAFLD were considered in the article. The role of increased intestinal permeability in the pathogenesis of NAFLD has been demonstrated. Attention was paid to the structure of the intestinal barrier and possible methods for its permeability examination. Current studies of intestinal permeability in NAFLD in adults and children, which confirm its key role in the progression of NAFLD, were reviewed. A literature search was conducted in electronic databases Scopus, MedLine, EMBASE, Pubmed, Google Scholar, etc.


Keywords

кишкова проникність; неалкогольна жирова хвороба печінки; ожиріння; діти; огляд

intestinal permeability; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; obesity; children; review


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